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Diabetes is fast becoming very common in society and is very frequently heard of. There is always someone you know that is suffering from this condition. The main reason behind acquiring diabetes is genetic but environmental factors can also play a big role.
And these are overeating, unhealthy eating habits and low activity level which leads to obesity and ultimately to diabetes. In the Gulf around 20%* of adults suffer from Diabetes and the problem is on the rise. Diabetes is a chronic disease characterised by elevated blood glucose concentrations that can contribute to other serious health consequences. In other words, it is an example of the body’s abnormal handling of glucose, leading to kidney, eyes, and nerve problems, blood vessel and tissue damage. Diabetes is one of the top ten killers in adults worldwide. What are its types? Diabetes mellitus, the most common type of diabetes, occurs in two main forms - Type 1 and type 2.
Type 2 Diabetes tends to occur later in life, but nowadays overweight children and adults are being diagnosed with the condition especially because of weight gain, obesity and excess abdominal fat.
Comparison between type 1 and 2 Diabetes in the table below:
Beware of the warning signs of Diabetes and check your blood if you notice any of the following symptoms:
Good to Remember
Maintaining a healthy body weight and exercising regularly helps reduce the incidence of type 2 Diabetes.
Always remember that the person with diabetes must constantly balance three lifestyle factors – diet, exercise, and medication in order to control his blood glucose level.
Visit your doctor for proper treatment, and dietician in order to provide you with a healthy diet that best suits your needs.*Arab Health, 2006 figure.
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